“K” – IT Outsourcing Vocabulary

  • KDE: K Desktop Environment: K Desktop Environment(KDE) is a free desktop environment and development platform built with Trolltech’s Qt toolkit. It runs on most Unix and Unix-like systems, such as Linux, BSD, AIX and Solaris. There are also ports to Mac OS X using its X11 layer and to Microsoft Windows using Cygwin
  • KHTML: KHTML is the HTML layout engine developed by the K Desktop Environment (KDE) project. Built on the then new KPart framework, it was introduced with KDE2 in 2000, for use in the new Konqueror file and web browser which replaced the monolithic KDE File Manager. Written in C++ and licensed under the LGPL, it supports HTML 4, CSS 1 and 2, DOM and JavaScript
  • Ktorrent: KTorrent is a BitTorrent client written in C++ for K desktop environment (KDE), thus using the Qt toolkit
  • Kparts: KParts are individual components of the framework for the K desktop environment(KDE). KParts are based on the concepts of Microsoft’s Object Linking and Embedding. Konsole is available as a KPart and is used in applications like Konqueror and Kate. Good examples about how KParts can be used are Konqueror, which (among other things) uses the KWord part to display documents, KMPlayer part to play multimedia, and Kontact, which embeds kdepim applications under one roof
  • Killer App: Killer Application: Killer application, also known as killer app, is a computer program that is so useful or desirable that it proves the value of some underlying technology, such as a gaming console, operating system, or piece of computer hardware or deploying an entire network. Killer applications are very rare. One of examples was VisiCalc, the first spreadsheet to run on a personal computer because it provided an unique tool for people to manipulate numbers easily without the need for programming skills. Another example of the killer app is Voice over IP (VOIP), which brough telephony service opportunities using packet network
  • Kazaa or Kazzaa: Kazaa, also spelled as Kazzaa, is a free, peer-to-peer file sharing service over the Internet. To use Kazaa, a person downloads and installs a software client of Kazaa. Kazaa clients communicate with various registration servers, using Internet protocols, to identify files for sharing or download. The Kazaa P2P network holds peer registration information and then brokers connections between any two peer clients for file sharing
  • Kazaa Lite K++: Kazaa Lite K++ is a later versions of Kazaa Lite included K++, which added a memory patcher that removed search limit restrictions, multi-source limits, and set one’s “participation level” to the maximum of 1000. KaZaA Lite K++ has the ability to resume downloads, play files, block your IP address from the RIAA. Kazaa Lite K++ is obsolete and replaced by Kazaa Lite Resurrection (or simply Kaza Lite)
  • KIS: Knowbot Information Service : The Knowbot Information Service (KIS), also known as netaddress, is a knowbot that provides a uniform user interface to a variety of remote directory services such as whois, finger, X. 500, MCIMail. By submitting a single query to KIS, a user can search a set of remote white pages services and then see the results of the search in a uniform format
  • KVCD: KVCD is a non-standard modification of the MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 video standards for encoding digital video. It is compatible with a number of stand-alone DVD players, though this is by no means universal
  • Keychan: Key Changer: Key changer (keychan) is a small program/software, that can change a software license key to another key. A key changer is not illegal, since it only changes a key, which is not the same as a Keygen. A key changer can also be misunderstood, with the term Warez, but it’s still not Warez
  • Keyboard Mapping: Keyboard Mapping, also known as keyboard Layout or character mapping, is a table mapping which character is activated when a specific key on the keyboard is pressed. Different operating systems and/or languages have different keyboard maps
  • Knowbot: Knowleage Robot: Knowbot, or knowleage robot, is a program that will search a system or a network, such as the Internet, seeking and retrieving information on behalf of a user and reporting back when it has found it. An example is the Knowbot Information Service, which can process users’ queries by e-mail
  • Kazaa Lite Resurrection: Kazaa Lite Resurrection, also known as Kazaa Lite, is a P2P file sharing client that supports the FastTrack P2P network. Kazaa Lite Resurrection is to continue the development forward on the now obsolete Kazaa Lite K++ application. Kazaa Lite Resurrection technology utilizes the core of Kazaa Media Desktop (KMD) and runs on Windows. Kazaa Lite Resurrection does not contain any adware or spyware. It also offers numerous improvements over KMD such as no bit-rate limits, expanded support for multi-source downloads, and additional P2P tools
  • K-Meleon : K-Meleon is a web browser by the Mozilla Foundation to provide a light-weight browser running under Microsoft Windows by using the operating system’s native interface for the application’s toolbars and menus
  • Keyboard Macro: Keyboard macro is a type of macros or group of definitions that allows short sequences of keystrokes to substitute long sequences of commands, and can automate repetitive tasks. They can be created either by using an application’s built-in macro features, or by means of a separate macro program
  • Kernel: Kernel, in computer technologies, is the central part in most computer operating systems for the management of the system’s resources and the communication between hardware and software components. As a basic component of an operating system, a kernel provides abstraction layers for hardware, especially for memory, processors and I/O that allows hardware and software to communicate. It also provides software facilities to userland software such as process abstractions, inter-process communication and system calls. Kernel may also mean an essential subset of a programming language or core language, in terms of which other constructs are (or could be) defined
  • Karma: In the computer software context, Karma is the name of a software package to aid signal processing and image processing for scientific applications
  • KDEAP: KDE Accessibility Project: KDE Accessibility Project(KDEAP) is a small on-line community of developers and other volunteers dedicated to ensure that the K Desktop Environment is accessible to all users, including those with physical handicaps. KDE accessibility software is bundled in the kdeaccessibility package
  • Keygen: Key Generator: Key generator(Keygen) is a small program that will generate a key or serial or registration number for a piece of software or cryptographic algorithms. Keygens are made available by software cracking groups for free download on various websites dedicated to software piracy
  • Kernel Mode: Kernel mode, also known as supervisor mode, is a privileged CPU mode. In kernel mode, the CPU may perform any operations provided for by its architecture, including any instructions,  I/O operations, accessing any area of memory, and so on. In the other CPU modes, certain restrictions on CPU operations are enforced by the hardware
  • Kylix: Kylix is a Linux version of the Borland Corporation’s Delphi and C++ Builder development environments for Microsoft Windows. Kylix allows programmers to develop software applications for Linux using Object Pascal, C++, or C
  • KOMPAS-3D: KOMPAS-3D is a commercial system by Ascon Group with the main task of modeling products for design cycle reduction and their fastest way into the mass production. The main components of KOMPAS-3D are the proprietary three-dimensional solid modeling system, a graphic drafting editor and a Part List (BOM) design module
  • KDbg : KDbg is an open-source graphical front-end for the GNU Debugger. KDbg is implemented using the K Desktop Environment (KDE) component architecture
  • Kpackage: Kpackage is a package manager front-end for K Desktop Environment (KDE). It supports RPM and KISS, as well as Debian, Slackware, BSD and Gentoo packages. It provides a GUI for the management and upgrade of existing packages and the installation and acquirement of new packages. Additionally, it provides functionality to help manage package caches
  • KDM: KDE Display Manager: The KDE Display Manager(KDM) is a graphical login interface for computers using Unix-like operating systems. It is the K Desktop Environment replacement for X Window Display Manager (XDM). KDM allows users to pick their session type on a per-login basis. It uses Qt, like KDE and can be configured from the KDE control center. It also allows theming and user photos
  • K-Lite: Kazaa Lite: It connects to the same FastTrack network and thus allows to exchange files with all Kazaa users Kazaa Lite, also known as K-Lite, is a peer-to-peer file-sharing computer program. Kazaa Lite is an unauthorized modification of the Kazaa Media Desktop application which excludes adware and spyware and provides slightly extended functionality. It became available in April, 2002. It can be downloaded free of charge, and, as of mid-2005, is almost as widely used as the official Kazaa client itself
  • Kazaa Lite Revolution: Kazaa Lite Revolution is an alternative, unauthorized FastTrack P2P network client. Kazaa Lite Revolution, instead of Kazaa Media Desktop, may be used to connect to FastTrack. Revolution is sometimes advertised as an improved version of KMD. Their appearance is similar, but Revolution removes all advertising and adds several new features and tools. Kazaa Lite Revolution is a different application from Kazaa Lite Resurrection